“Discuss both views”…who has the most influence, scientists or politicians?

IELTS sample essay discuss both views science or politics

Another example for you, this time “Discuss both views and give your opinion”…now I have to say this was a tricky subject. Not the easiest essay to interpret and think of ideas, the trick is to carefully analyse the question. For this essay we need to discuss who has the most influence now, as the question is in present tense.

“Some people think that politicians have the greatest influence on the world. Other people, however, believe that scientists have the greatest influence.”

And not as some students have done, write about how science and politics has influenced the world in the past. So, be careful when planning and analyzing your essay…

Some people think that politicians have the greatest influence on the world. Other people, however, believe that scientists have the greatest influence.

Discuss both of these views and give your own opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

According to some, the people with the greatest influence on the world are politicians, whereas others would argue that scientists have the greatest impact. My own view is that although science has massively influenced world affairs in the past, politicians currently have the advantage of influence. This essay will firstly, discuss how science has not produced any significant inventions since the internet and personal computing, and secondly, how political figures are key to shaping the world in this present age.

Science has no doubt significantly impacted on the world for centuries, especially the 20th, nuclear power, the internet, personal computing, the aeroplane, the internal combustion engine, etc. However, despite these world changing creations, science in recent years has not had such an influence, all the last great discoveries/inventions are at least 20-30 years ago, the internet and personal computers being a case in point. For example, in the 21st C the major scientific discoveries are mainly theoretical and have no practical world changing effects so far, (discovery of Higgs-Boson particle, Human genome mapping, to name two). It would be fair to say then that the days of science changing the world lies in mainly the 20th century and not currently in today’s world.

On the other hand, politicians and world leaders have easily the most influence on world events shaping and affecting the lives of millions. In this era of conflict, terrorism, declining global markets, pollution, to name but a few issues, it is the decisions made by this group of people which has the most effect on the global population these days, not science. To give some concrete examples, Vladimir Putin’s decision to annex Ukraine directly led to economic sanctions against Russia which has affected the economy and living standards of millions, Angela Merkal’s unilateral decision to allow over a million illegal immigrants into Germany will have a direct impact on the future of Germany and in turn, the wider Europe. Also, Donald Trump’s electoral success has polarised America and American politics for some years to come and has resulted in civil unrest and division in the worlds biggest economy. Given these facts, it seems apparent that politicians and the choices they make currently have more influence than science, whose greatest discoveries seem to be in the past.

In conclusion, despite science being a major influencer and shaper of the world in the past, in my view, it is political leaders who currently hold the reins in terms of world shaping events and influence.