Another quick sample essay for you, this time that of problems and solutions. I was looking through my posts and I realised I hadn’t many examples of this question type so I wrote one in response to a student query. They were having some problems in thinking of ideas to answer this, so I tried to help out. The question is an unusual one, what are the problems of rising incomes in cities but not in the country, and how can they be solved. I went with a typical answer, that of overcrowding and its effect on rental prices.
I won’t post the structure, as I have done so before, and it’s relatively easy to see from the example…so, any questions, send me a message to firstname.lastname@example.org…
A rise in the standard of living in a country often only seems to benefit cities rather than rural areas.
What problems might this difference cause?
How might these problems be reduced?
It has been argued that rising living standards appear to only be of benefit to cities and not to the general countryside. This imbalance may well result in more people moving to cities for a better life causing overcrowding and other issues. While a possible solution might be for government intervention to redistribute wealth to all its citizens.
It cannot be disputed that most people want a better life for themselves and their families. Therefore, when jobs, and better living standards become available it is to be expected that people will move to where they will best be found. However, in the case of the difference between town and country, when mass migration occurs to a city there are the inevitable problems of overpopulation: rising rents, unsafe and unsuitable accommodation, less places for children at school, rising crime, etc. For example, to take one of these problems into account, a recent survey by Tsinghua University reported that over the last five years 20% more people moved into Chinese cities from the countryside resulting in a 40% rental increase in average apartments.
However, this mass migration from country to city could be eased by state redistribution of finance to redevelop rural areas. If governments were to pay for companies to move to the country, or to encourage universities to establish themselves outside of the cities, then many people would not need to relocate. For example, this policy has been put into effect in rural parts of India in recent years as a report by the New Delhi Business Institute showed that investment by the state in the countryside has meant a 50% reduction in migrant numbers.
In conclusion, although rising living standards are beneficial in general, if they only benefit certain sections of society this will inevitably cause mass migration from country to town. One way around this problem could be targeted state spending to reduce people’s need to relocate.