How to write an IELTS task 1 process question!…

Hello, welcome to my latest tutorial, all about the task 1 process question…

In this tutorial we will look at one of the task 1 question types, the process, while not as common as the data based tasks, this task has a particular structure which you would do well to learn. It is in fact by far the easiest question to answer as there are no figures or data to report, no need to decide which key features to include or exclude as is often a problem with the graphs, tables, etc.

All that you need to do is to count the stages of the process, then write about them using appropriate connecting language, first, then, next, finally, etc, it really is that simple.

So let’s take a look,

So, we have two types of process, natural and man-made. It could be something like the life cycle of a silkworm, or how coffee is made. It could be a cyclical process (like the silkworm) or linear (like making coffee), whatever it is, you need to mention this in your introduction.

Another point to mention is the grammar, for a man-made process we need to use passive voice (beans are harvested, coffee is ground, etc) whereas for a natural process we need to use active voice (the worms make a cocoon, the moth lays eggs, etc).


What you need to do then, is to first understand the process, where does it start, is it cyclical or linear (does it go round in a circle or does it have a start and end point)? How many stages does it have, and what is the relationship with the stage before and after? What structure do you need to answer the question?

Sentence 1: paraphrase the question (same for all question types)

Sentence 2/3: give an overview (summary of main trends/features)

Sentence 4- 10: List stages and details using sequencing language (broken into two paragraphs)

Let’s have a look at each in turn…

The diagrams illustrate the stages in the life of a silkworm and also show how silk cloth is produced.

From an overall perspective it can be seen the lifecycle is a natural cyclical process with four main stages including the laying of eggs and ending with a new moth emerging from a cocoon. The production of silk however, is a man-made linear process consisting of six stages.

First, the adult moth lays eggs which take ten days to hatch into silkworm larvae who then feed upon mulberry leaves. This stage can take between four to six weeks before the larvae build themselves a cocoon of silk thread which takes around a week to complete. The larvae remain in the cocoon for about a fortnight before emerging as adult moths ready to begin the lifecycle once again.

In the manufacture of silk cloths, the first stage is selecting the cocoons to be boiled. After this process, the thread is unwound to a length of between 300 to 900 metres. Finally, the silk is twisted, woven into thread, and then dyed.

179 words

Now the next…

The diagram illustrates the process of how coffee is manufactured and prepared for sale in the market.

From an overall view, it can be seen that this a man-made linear process with eleven stages, ranging from the beans first being picked, and ending with the coffee being packed into jars ready for sale.

First of all, the beans are harvested and laid out to dry in the sun. After which the next stage is for the beans to be roasted and rapidly cooled. The next stage involves the beans being sent to the grinder to be ground down into granules. Following this process, the granules are mixed with hot water, and the subsequent mixture is then strained. The mixture is then frozen and ground down a second time, following which it is vacuum dried to allow the water to evaporate. Finally, the coffee granules are packed into jars and labelled ready to go to the shops.

151 words